A lot of online questions asked by pregnant moms in several forums says that they have pain in private area during pregnancy.
The pain often reported in the pelvis area, cervix, and lower abdomen.
Usually, women with pelvic pain during pregnancy having difficulty when changing position in bed, getting up, walking down or up the stairs, and standing for too long.
This is an example of the issues is found in babycenter.com‘s forum.
A pregnant mom went to the hospital because she was having a vaginal pain. After the examination, they didn’t find the cause why the woman having the pain, but indeed she was having a contraction.
The nurse, however, gave her something to cure the contractions. Yet, the pain still occurs comes and goes.
Possible causes sharp pain in private area during pregnancy
1. Cervix dilation
Fortunately, they are commonly reported by women at mid-stage of their pregnancy.
In the second trimester, the baby is now growing more quickly. Having said that, the enlargement of the uterus has to keep its rate.
Often, the source of the pelvic pain they are experiencing comes from the stretch of the ligaments in the wall of the pelvis due to uterine growth.
Moreover, vaginal pain during pregnancy is perfectly normal. As long as the pain is not accompanied by other symptoms such as bleeding.
2. Vulvar Varicosities
To put it simply, varicose veins are enlarged, swollen, and twisted veins.
While Vulvar varicosities are a type of varicose veins that have developed in the woman’s external private area (vulva).
According to Healthline, pregnant moms often experience Vulvar varicosities.
During pregnancy, changes in blood flow and hormone levels fluctuations can cause the veins to become enlarged. Thus, resulting in pain in private area or other symptoms such as pelvic pain.
Vulvar varicosities typically fade within a few months after childbirth. Talk with a doctor if there is a chance of bleeding while delivery.
3. Symphysis Pubic Dysfunction
As published in Healthline, Symphysis pubis dysfunction (SPD) is a set of symptoms that cause an ache in the pelvic area. Usually, SPD occurs during pregnancy.
In this time, the pelvic joints become stiff and move irregularly. SPD can happen both at the front and back of the pelvis.
Although Symphysis Pubic Dysfunction is not dangerous to the baby, it could be extremely painful for the mother.
The cause of SPD during pregnancy comes from hormones such as relaxin. Before giving birth, this hormone is released to loosen the ligaments and muscles in your hips, stomach, pelvic floor, and pelvis.
However, the side effects of this loosening are the joints can become unbalanced and more mobile than they usually would be.
This can cause a sharp pain and difficulty to move.
Things to do to relieving pain in private area during pregnancy
- Doing early diagnostic can help keep pelvic pain to a minimum and avoid long-term discomfort.
- Ask your midwife for a referral to a physiotherapist who specializes in obstetric pelvic joint problems.
- Talk to a physiotherapist so they will guide you to relieve or ease the pain, improve muscle function, and improve your pelvic joint position and stability.
Physiotherapy methods include:
- Manual therapy to make sure the joints of your pelvis, hip and spine move normally.
- Exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor, stomach, back and hip muscles.
- Exercises in water.
Although these treatments might not get the pain in private area during pregnancy completely cured until the baby is born, treatment from an experienced practitioner can alleviate the pain during pregnancy.
Nhs.uk: Pelvic pain in pregnancy
Healthline: How to Identify and Treat Vulvar Varicosities
Healthline: What Is Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction?